Yoga and Ayurveda in Ancient India

Yoga and Ayurveda in Ancient India

  • 18 Oct
    20 Oct

    Yoga and Tantra

    Philipp Maas

Yoga and Ayurveda in Ancient India

Image: Carakasaṃhitā (Volume 1) Ed. by Vrajvallabh Hariprasad with a Hindi translation by Ravidatta Shastri, Mumbai: Nirnayasagar Press 1911

According to a standard historical narrative, Yoga and Āyurveda are two sister systems of knowledge devoted to maintaining and restoring human well-being and health. Both systems are integrated and share a common history that originated many thousand years ago in Vedic Brahmanism. Modern scholarship has shown, however, that this narrative is historically untenable. After discussing the cultural and religious milieus in which Yoga and Āyurveda originated, the first lecture of this series will focus on the principle aim of Āyurveda and its relationship to Yoga by drawing upon selected passages from the Carakasaṃhitā. The second lecture, which will be devoted to the fundamental aims of Yoga and their relationship to Āyurveda, will concentrate on the evidence of the Pātañjalayogaśāstra and later Yoga texts concerning the role of Āyurveda in premodern Yoga traditions. The two sessions will lead to the conclusion that in ancient India, Yoga and Āyurveda were two largely independent knowledge systems with different aims and methods concerning the prevention of human suffering.

Session 1: Yoga in the Early Āyurveda of the Carakasaṃhitā
Session 2: Āyurveda and Medical Knowledge in Premodern Yoga

Duration -

October 18, 20, 2022

Timing: 5:30 - 8:00 PM IST


Rs. 2,000 (For student discounts registrations kindly email

Philipp Maas

Philipp Maas

Philipp Maas, a research associate at the University of Leipzig, Germany, is a historian of thought interested in premodern South Asian cultural, religious, and philosophical history. His primary areas of teaching and research are early classical Āyurveda, pre-classical and classical Sāṅkhya-Yoga, and classical Nyāya philosophy from various perspectives and with various methods. He strongly believes in the necessity to critically address the manuscript sources of Sanskrit texts in order to obtain a clearer picture of what ancient authors and redactors thought, and how and why these works were transformed over time. This attitude motivates his interest in the methodologies of text genealogy and textual criticism.